Ajwain seeds contain about 305 calories, 25 grams of fat, 16 grams of protein and 43 grams of carbohydrates per 100 grams. They also contain vitamins B1 and B3, and minerals like sodium, potassium, calcium, iron and phosphorus.
Ajwain seeds yield an essential oil composed mainly of terpenoids like thymol which can constitute up to 60% of the oil. It also contains carvacrol, limonene, γ-terpinene, p-cymene and α-pinene. (Terpenoids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that offer a wide range of benefits from antibacterial, antiviral and antiparasitic action to antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects, and more.
Health Benefits of Ajwain
The thymol and carvacrol content of ajwain imparts excellent antibacterial and antifungal properties. Test-tube studies have shown ajwain is effective against pathogens like E.coli and Salmonella, which are food-borne. This spice has also proved effective against multidrug-resistant fungal and bacterial strains like Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans. One animal study showed that carom extract, when administered in high doses brought about a decrease in LDL or bad cholesterol, and an increase in HDL or good cholesterol.
In Ayurveda, carom seeds have long been used to treat digestive issues such as stomach ache and diarrhoea. Studies have shown ajwain is good for health as it helps in treating peptic ulcers and also has a protective effect on the liver.